Ephesus (Selçuk) Overview
It is an ancient city in the town of Selçuk in İzmir. It is foremost a touristic site because it is a holy place for the Christian world.
The first inhabitants of Ephesus were the Carians and Leeks. In the 10th century B.C., the Ionians settled here and founded Ephesus. The site of the city center was changed five times between the 11th and the 4th centuries B.C. The ruins of the city today reflect all the stages between the 3rd century B.C. and the 6th century AD.
After the destruction of the city in the 7th century B.C., it was rebuilt by a Lydian king, m the 6th century B.C. It was captured by the Romans after the Persian domination. It entered a golden age during the reign of Augustus. The visits paid by Brutus, Cassius, Antonius and Cicero made it grow in importance, so it became one of the five major cities of the empire.
Ephesus was first captured by the Turks in ) 1090. After the sovereignty of the Aydmoğulları and the Menteşeoğulları dynasties, it was an Ottoman city in 1390; yet in this period, Ephesus, having lost its importance, was a village under the subsequent pirate attacks.
As a result of the archeological expeditions in 1863 the unmatched beauty of the city was uncovered. J. Turtle Wood found the Temple of Artemis, the foremost symbol of the city, during the excavations made between 1863 and 1874. New discoveries have been made at Ephesus by both Turkish and foreign acheologists.