It is one of the foremost cities in history. The ancient city of Caesarea was once the capital of Cappadocia. It was under the successive domination of the Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and the Ottomans. The Seljuks and the Ottomans left more monumental structures, compared with the others. A part of the castle belongs to the Byzantine period.
Çifte and Döner Kümbets (vault), the mosque and madrasah of Haci Kılıç, Hunat Hatun Külliye, the Grand Mosque, and Darüşşifa are important Seljuk period structures, while the Kurşunlu Mosque, the Covered Bazaar and hans are Ottoman monuments. The towns of Develi, İncesu and Bünyan around the city have some monuments dating to the period of the Turks. Kültepe is one of the biggest höyüks (tumulus) in Anatolia. Valuable discoveries dating back to the Hittite and the Assyrian trade colonies have been found here. Besides its cultural value, Kayseri is also a ski resort and an industrial and commercial city.