It is a city on the Asian side of the Dardanelles. It started to develop after the Sultan Fortress was built in 1452.
Çanakkale is famous for the Gallipoli Campaign and the military battle fought on 18 March 1915. The Ottomans’ victory over the Allies was the origin of a historic motto “Çanakkale cannot be trespassed upon!” A lot of monuments were then built on the battle fields and among them the Turkish Memorial is the most impressive one. There are some monuments and cemeteries belonging to other nations, too. The monuments in the National park are enough to tell the visitors the epical victory of the Ottomans.
Both the military museum (the Sultan Fortress) and the city museum are very attractive because of the number and the variety of the exhibits. Eceabat and Gelibolu (Gallipoli) on the other side of the Dardanelles, have historical importance, too. The Kilidül Bahr (the Lock of the Sea) castle, built on the European side, across from the Çanakkale Castle in order to control access to the Sea of Marmara, is an impressive structure because of its architecture. It is unique with its clover shaped plan. Gelibolu, where the Ottomans first set foot in Europe, Bolayir and Çardak were important Ottoman towns.
The remains at Assos, near Behramköy, 18 km south of Ayvacık, are the remnants of the Temple of Athena, built in the 6 th century B.C. It is the only Doric temple in Anatolia and most of the remains at Assos are from the Hellenistic period. Moreover, Aristotle, Plato’s most famous student, lived and founded a school of philosophy under the direction of Hermia and gave lectures here.