Truva - Turkey


Troya (Truva) Overview
It is an ancient city founded on a strategic site in the south of the Dardanelles. It is famous for the Trojan war in history. Homer mentioned a big war fought in Troy in the Iliad. In this epic it is written that the Archaic Greek forces, unable to seize Troy after the siege lasting a decade, prayed to their gods for help and their gods sent them a trick. They sailed off pretending to renounce leaving behind a giant wooden horse they had built, filled with soldiers hidden in it, as a present for the Trojans. The Trojans opened the gates to let the horse into the city walls. While they were celebrating their victory, the soldiers got out of the horse and opened the gates of the city so that the rest of the forces could.

The excavations at Troy have revealed that at least nine cities were built on the site. Troy I, built in 3000 B.C, was surrounded by a 90 -meter- diameter wall. When Troy I was destroyed Troy II, with a 110 -meter- diameter wall, was built in 2500 B.C. After the destruction of Troy II by fire, Troy III, IV and V were built on the same site. Troy VIII, as a Balkan city, was visited by Alexander the Great. Troy IX belongs to the Roman period. In this period Ceasar offered sacrifices to gods and Augustus had some new structures built here. In the 15 th century Troy disappeared off the stage of history.

The levels, built in the Early Bronze Age, have revealed that the Trojans, in this period, had a very high cultural level. The use of ceramics besides bronze signifies the development of the Trojan civilizations.

In the end the Achaians conquered the city easily. The Trojan War is accepted as the first war between the East and West.

In the 1880s, a German researcher, Schilemann came to Troy to explore the epical Priam’s treasure and smuggled it out of the country.