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Mediterranean Coast - Turkey

Mediterranean Coast – Turkey

This region is in the south of the Anatolian peninsula and on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is an area of 120.000 sq km. There are eight provinces in the region: Adana, Antalya, Burdur, İsparta, Hatay, İçel, Kahramanmaraş and Osmaniye.

The spine of the region, the Taurus mountains, running parallel to the coastline, separates Central Anatolia from the coast and handicaps the transportation between the two regions. Thus, a number of passes were cut through the Taurus Mountains. These are the Belen, Topbogazi and Nur passes in the Avanos Mountains, the Bazat, Gülek and Tekirbeli passes between the Central Anatolian region and Çukurova; the Sertavul pass joining Silifke to Karaman; the Moca pass on the Taşeli Peninsula, Çubuk Boğazı joining Antalya to the Lake District and the Gölcükbeli pass through the Bey Mountains. The highest summit in the Taurus Mountains is Demirkazık (3.675 m) in the Ala Mountains. Maquis, bushes like bay and thyme, are the natural vegatation of the region. Besides maquies, there are also pine, cedar, oak, fir and eucalyptus forests and oleander.

The coastal region enjoys the Mediterranean climate. It has hot dry summers, warm wet winters, while the inland part has a continental climate.

The Asi, Ceyhan, Göksu rivers and the Tarsus, Köprü and Manavgat streams are the most important ones in the region. The rivers water fertile plains among which the Amik, Çukurova, and Fethiye plains are of big consequence with their produce. Cotton, tobacco, sesame, peanut and citrus fruits with green-house produce are major agricultural sources of income. Adana, Tarsus, Mersin and İskenderun are main industrial cities and ports in the region. Because the region has a geographical structure called karst, there are a lot of underground streams and caves formed by underground erosion. The region is rich with lakes and waterfalls.

The Mediterranean Region has housed a number of cultures since the prehistoric ages, because of its climate and geographical situation. It is now possible to see ruins dating to different periods across the region. It offers a wide variety of touristic activities; such as hunting, mountaineering, swimming, tours and rafting.

Mediterranean Coast Destinations