Antalya is a major tourist resort in Turkey. The city which offers the perfect combination of history and nature, is also the main entrance to the region. It is accepted as the birth place of V Anatolian civilization. The Karain Caves, in H the province of Antalya, are assumed to be approximately two thousand years old and to have been used from the paleolithic ages to ç ? the Iron Age. In the province are the ruins and traces of different cultures dating from the Prehistoric ages to the near past. Antalya, with 100 ancient cities around it, is one of the foremost cultural hubs in the world.
The city, founded by the Pergamum Kingdom in the Hellenistic era, was under successive domination of the Romans Byzantines, ^0 Anatolian Seljuks, Turkomen beyliks and the Ottomans. Thus, it is not surprising to see monuments of almost every culture emerging in Anatolia in the province of Antalya.
The city, founded by the Pergamum Kingdom in the Hellenistic era, was under successive domination of the Romans Byzantines, Anatolian Seljuks, Turkoman beyliks and the Ottomans. Thus, it is not surprising to see monuments of almost every culture emerging in Anatolia in the province of Antalya.
The city center and the environs can be divided into two groups, as natural and cultural places. Karaalioğlu Park, felizes (cliffs), the Konyaalti and Lara beaches in the center, and the Düden, Düdenbaşı and Kurşunlu waterfalls are natural places. The major cultural place in the center is the Antalya.
When it was founded in the 2nd century B.C, its name was Atlaleia, which has been changed to Andaliyye, Adalya and to the present day Antalya. Antalya includes four ancient states: Pamphylia, Lycia, Cilicia and Psidia.
Archeological Museum which is in fact the museum, of the region. Besides the museum, the city walls, towers and gates, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian’s Gate, Cumanun Church Mosque, the Fluted Minaret, Kaleiçi district (the Old Quarter) and the buildings around it are of particular interest.
Hadrian’s Gate, Hıdırlık Tower, the Fluted Minaret, Kesik (decapitated) Minaret, Kaleiçi and the historical houses, and the ancient yachting harbour are in an area of 1 sq km which can be strolled around easily. The Fluted Minaret, the symbol of the city, can be seen from every corner of the city. It was built by the Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat in 1230. Since the minaret is wrapped with eight semi-cylindrical grooved straps, it is called the Fluted Minaret. The mosque of the Fluted Minaret has been elaborated and now it consits of two madrasahs, a mevlevihane (convent of dervishes), a bath and two tombs.
Hadrian’s Gate, between a Seljuk and a Roman tower, was built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The gate still stands glorious. The ancient harbour was restored in the 1980s and now serves as a marina. Kaleiçi was also restored at the same time and the gp restoration earned the city the Golden Apple Award from the European Council.
The Antalya Museum is one of the foremost museums in Turkey. The museum houses prehistoric, historical, Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman period archaeological and ethnographic finds from the surrounding ancient sites, such as the Karain Caves, Perge, Aspendos and Side. The museum was deemed worthy of the special Award for the Museum of the Year from the jury of the European Council.
As a large province Antalya is dealt in two parts.
In the west are Kemer, Phaselis, Olympos, Çıralı, Finike, Kale, Simena, Üçağız, Kekova Island, Kaş and Kalkan. In the east are Perge, Aspendos, Side, the han and castle of Alara, Alanya and Köprülü Canyon. The district of Döşemealtı, which is famous for its carpets, Evadir and İncir hans, the ancient city of Termessos, Saklikent ski resort, the Roman Way and the Karain Caves, in the north, are worth a visit.
It is possible to go swimming almost all through the year and to ski in Saklikent, 45 km from the city, on the same day. It has hot long summers and warm wet winters. The annual average temperature is 18 – 19 (°C).
Streams flowing down from the Taurus Mountains, form beautiful waterfalls, three of which, the Düden Waterfall, 15 km west of the Antalya, Kurşunlu Waterfall, 18 km west of the city, and Manavgat the Waterfall, 3 km. north of the town of Manavgat, are the major ones.
The mainland meets the sea through the beaches and cliffs stretching for kilometers along the Taurus Mountains. Tropical vegetation occupies most of the land on the coastline, which has rich natural vegetation, while maquis cover the hillsides of the Taurus mountains.
All in all, Antalya, with its airport, harbour, highway, hotels of good quality, number of beds and qualified workers, is the most popular Turkish riviera, which has established a perfect touristic infrastructure.
Central Antalya Destinations