Bodrum, the hometown of the famous historian Herodotus, is a touristic resort in the province of Muğla. Bodrum, occupying a large area on the Bodrum peninsula, is on the same site as an ancient city. The ancient city, Halicarnassus, was one of the oldest cities of the Carian Civilization. The peninsula witnessed the Mycenaean, Greek, Persian, Carian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Menteşeogulları, Rhodian Knights’ and Ottoman times successively.
Bodrum has always been a major port but it is now also a natural paradise with its historical heritage.
The foremost historic monuments in the city are the Castle with the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology in it, the Mausoleum-a funeral monument, Göktepe and rock tombs, the theatre, the Myndos City Gate, the Ottoman Han and the typical houses of the region.
The castle, the symbol of the city, was built by Rhodian Knights and given the name “The Castle of St. Peter”, later it changed to Petronium, from which the name of Bodrum is derived. As four towers of the castle were built by different people, they are called French, English, Spanish and German towers on account of their style.
The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology in the inner castle, opened in 1965, is the first museum of its kind in the world. In the chapel, are the Mycenaean, Archaic and Hellenistic period artifacts. In the other hall, there are underwater discoveries dating back to the 6th-1st centuries B.C. found by spongedivers. These are the fragments of Phoenician ship-wrecks, amphoras and the statuette of Egyptian goddess Isis.
The Mausoleum, built by Queen Artemesia in 350 B.C., is one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The inscriptions on the front of the Mausoleum belong to the famous artists of the time. The structure, which stood until the 12th century, was destroyed partly by an earthquake in the 14th century. The remains of the Mausoleum are now in the London Museum. Bodrum has been a center for the Blue Cruise recently as a result of the writer Cevat Şakir Kabağaçlı’s (Halicarnassus Fisherman) endevour. The castle and the museum, bougainvillea houses, ship-building, spongediving, the Blue Cruise, bars and night-life are identified with Bodrum.
The world famous goulettes of Bodrum are made of pine trees from the forests around the city.
The Halicarnassus Fisherman wrote, “Don’t think that you will go back as you have come; like the others who have come here before you, will leave your mind here in Bodrum.” Torba, Gölköy, Türkbükü, Gündoğan, Yalıkavak, Gümüşlük, Ka -dikalesi, Turgut Reis, Bitez and Güm-bet, around Bodrum, are of particular interest. It is possible to reach the bays around the peninsula both by boat and car.
Bodrum is a world famous tour -istic resort attracting both foreign and domestic tourists with its famous coves, boat cruises and lively nightlife. The hotels, pensions and holiday clubs in the center and the bays offer the visitors an ideal holiday.