Zeus Temple - Aizonai - Kutahya / Turkey


Kutahya Overview
This city is home to the art of tiling. The history of the city, Kotiaeion in antiquity, goes back to 1500 B.C. It was captured by the Roman Emperor Pompey, Ceasar’s son-in-law, in 62 B.C. In the 2nd century, it was an important | h bishopric in the Christian world. After the successive domination of the Byzantines and the Seljuks, it was the capital of the Germiyanogullari’s principality between 1260 and 1429. The present name of the city was given by the Ottomans and the tile industry has developed since Ottoman period.

Some of the historic monuments in the city are the fortress, the Aslanbey and imaret. Mosques, the Mosque of Demirtaş Pasha, the Kütahya Museum and the Hungarian House. Besides the Bronze age, Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine artifacts, the finest examples of Kütahya tiles, produced since the 14th century, are exhibited at the Kütahya Museum. Historic Kütahya houses reflect Ottoman achitectural style and these 150-year-old goverment protected houses have been restored recently. One of the major monuments in the city, the Hungarian House, is a mansion built in the 18th century. The mansion is now a museum.

The ancient city of Aizanoi, in the village of Çavdarhisar, 60 km south-west of Kütahya, is an important historic site. Although it dates back to 3000 B.C., the monuments at Aizanoi, which can be seen today, are all from the Roman period. The Temple of Zeus of white marble was built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a tribute to Zeus and Kybele in this period, too.