The fortress city, 5 km northeast of Elazığ is on a site overlooking the surrounding area. It is assumed that the city, whose name means the stone castle, dates from the Urartians. The surviving monuments prove that Harput grew in size and importance as a typical Turkish-Islamic city.
Harput is now a favourite holiday center with local people and a tourist attraction. The fortress and the city walls, the Grand Mosque, the tomb and mescid of Arapbaba, the mosque of Sare Hatun and the church can be visited. The Alaca Mescit, converted into a museum in I960, houses calligraphies, pottery and tomb stones.