Kınık - Xanthos / Turkey

Kınık (Xanthos)

Kınık (Xanthos) Overview
Xanthos, the biggest and capital city of Lycia, is a few kilometers from the shore. Xanthos, whose port was Patara, was a glorious but unlucky town, inhabitants of which were known for the dignified battles they fought against their enemies.

The city, subjected to the Lycian, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Arabic invasions and civilizations, was discovered and plundered by C. Fellows in the 19th century and most of the monuments were smuggled into Britain.

The monuments that can be seen at Xanthos are the remains of Lycian and Roman acropole, the theatre, the Harpy Tomb and the other tombs, the agora, city walls, roads and gates, the water and drainage system, the Payava Sarcophagus, the monumental tomb of the Nereids and the big church.

Letoon, a few kilometers from Xanthos, was the sacred place of Lycia. It was dedicated to Apollo and Artemis’ mother Leto and the remains of three temples, thought to have been built as tributes to these gods, can be seen today.

Patara, in the north-west of Kınık, is the birth place of St. Nicholas and Apollo. According to Herodotus, because it was the second oracle in the world, it was very important in history.

Behind the long beach, of the important Lycian city of Patara are some ruins from antiquity. The remnants of a theatre, the city gate, graveyards, a bath, a temple and the port can be seen today.