Marmaris Castle - Turkey


Marmaris Overview
It is in a large bay which is protected by Keçi and Bedir islands and the Nimara peninsula. It was a quiet fishing town not long ago; but now, it is a popular touristic center because of its natural beauty.

Marmaris, having the of one largest and most modern yachting harbours in the Mediterranean, is assumed to have been founded as a Carian city and called Physkos. There are no monuments from ancient times in the city. The city, captured by the Ottomans after the Roman and Byzantine rule, was a naval base of the Ottomans, who built a fortress here. The fortress, the foremost historic monument in the city, is now a museum, the area around which is known as Kaleiçi district, is in the old quarter of Marmaris. Kaleiçi with its narrow streets and houses, is worth seeing.

The most important historic structures in the city are the mosque and the caravansary built by Men-gelizade Ibrahim Aga in the district of Kemeralti. The Taşhan, built on the Muğla road, in Süleyman the Magnificent’s time during the Rhodes campaign can be seen.

Amos, Turunç, İçmeler, Günnücek, Yalancı Boğaz and Paradise Island around Marmaris offer charming natural beauties. Frankincense trees occupy the majority of land in the area. Popular with their sweet smell and oil, they grow on the coastline from Marmaris to Fethiye.

Datça, two hours from Marmaris, is on the country’s peninsula separating the Mediterranean and the Aegean Seas. There are a lot of inlets and Blue Voyage spots here; such as Hisarönü, Gökova and Knidos which are full of historical sites and natural beauties.

The ancient city of Knidos, at the tip of the peninsula, was one of the sacred cities of Aphrodite. According to Strabo, the city was founded on a site in the mainland and on an island near the coast. The city was established on terraces stepping down to the shore from the acropolis and the island was later connected to the mainland to form two harbours. In antiquity, Knidos was an astronomy center, where Eudoxos, Aristotle’s contemporary, lived. Knidos was also a major center for amphora and wine production.

The foremost finds, excavated at the site last century, were smuggled out. The harbour, the temple, the theatre, the agora, city walls and churches are some major monuments worth a visit.